Excerpts from:

Carl Linnaeus: the scientist who saw evidence for God in everything in nature

by                                                             http://creation.com/carl-linnaeus

Carl Linnaeus1 (1707–1778) is the Swedish scientist who brought into general use the system, universally used today, of classifying the whole of the natural world of all living organisms with two Latin words. He named thousands of plants and animals in this way, and has been called the ‘Father of Taxonomy’.2

The little botanist who skipped classes

Carl was born in Råshult in the south of Sweden in 1707. His father, Nils, was a Lutheran pastor and liked to converse in Latin, so it is said that Carl learned Latin before he learned Swedish. Nils, an avid gardener, used to decorate baby Carl’s crib with blossoms and give him flowers to play with. When the lad was four, Nils began teaching him the Latin names of plants. This was no small memory task for Carl, e.g. the humble tomato was called Solanum caule inermi herbaceo, folis pinnatis incisis, racemis simplicibus.3One day Nils told Carl that “he would not tell him any more names if he continued to forget them. After that the boy gave his whole mind to remembering them. This passion for names remained with him till the end of his life.”4

At school, eight years old and bored, Carl would sometimes skip classes to go and hunt for wild flowers; his fellow students dubbed him ‘the little botanist’. He did poorly at his lessons, until a friendly doctor suggested he should become a doctor, as at that time most medicines were derived from plants. This appealed to Carl, and he liked to play ‘doctors’ with his siblings, taking their pulses, and concocting make-believe herbal remedies from the botanical books in his father’s library to treat their imaginary illnesses.

The student who was appointed lecturer

In 1728, he was a student at Uppsala University. Here the professor of theology was Dr Olof Celsius, who was also a botanist, and the uncle of the Anders Celsius who invented the temperature scale we use today, as modified by Linnaeus.5 Olof happened to meet Linnaeus in the university garden and was surprised that he knew the long Latin names of all the plants there. He became Linnaeus’s benefactor, offering him a place to live and the use of his library. In 1729, Linnaeus handed him a thesis on pollination in plants that explained the role of the stamen (male part) and pistil (female part) in the formation of seeds, with pollen the sperm, seeds the ova, etc.6

Linnaeus indicated his distinction of humans from all other creatures by the name he gave us: Homo sapiens (wise man).

Although all this was scientifically correct,7 Linnaeus expounded it in colourful, anthropomorphic terms. Sample: “Love comes even to the plants. Males and females, even the hermaphrodites, hold their nuptials … . The actual petals of a flower contribute nothing to generation, serving only as a bridal bed which the great Creator has so gloriously prepared … in order that the bridegroom and bride may celebrate their nuptials with the greater solemnity.”6

As a result of this erudition, he was appointed lecturer in botany at Uppsala, although only a second-year student there himself. His lectures became so popular that often 300–400 people attended. He was later to use his ideas on plant reproductive processes as the basis for his system of plant classification.

In 1732, he undertook a tour of Lapland to look for new plants and animals, and possible valuable minerals.8 It was here that he found large quantities of the twinflower, later known as Linnaea borealis, that became his personal emblem. He then visited Germany, Holland, England, and France.

Physician, husband, and professor

Swedish House of Nobility, Wikimedia Commons

 

The Coat of Arms of Carl von Linné: the red, black and green thirds of the shield represent the animal, mineral, and vegetable kingdoms. The central egg denotes nature. The flower crest is Linnaea borealis.

In 1735, in Holland, he quickly received his medical degree at the University of Harderwijk, with a thesis that he had written in Sweden on ‘A new hypothesis as to the cause of intermittent fevers’.9 He theorized that the cause was living on clay soil.10He was now 28 and entitled to practise as a medical doctor. In 1739, he was appointed Physician to the Swedish Admiralty. He also became the first President of the newly established Swedish Academy of Science.11 Now earning enough to support a family, he married his fiancée, Sara Lisa Moraea. They produced seven children.

In 1741, Linnaeus was appointed Professor of Medicine at the University of Uppsala, but he exchanged places with another professor and so became responsible for botany and natural history instead. He often held lectures in the university garden, using the plants to illustrate aspects of botany. He called his best students his ‘apostles’ and sent them on journeys of exploration around the world. One, David Solander, sailed with James Cook aboard the Endeavour (1768–71) and brought back to Europe the first major plant collections from Australia and the South Pacific. These students also spread Linnaeus’s binomial system of taxonomy around the world without his having to leave Sweden to do so. His biographer, Wilfred Blunt, writes: “Nothing speaks more clearly of Linnaeus’s success as a teacher than the fact that no less than 23 of his pupils became professors.” 12

In 1753, Linnaeus was knighted with the Order of the Polar Star by Swedish King Adolf Fredrick, who also proposed his ennoblement in 1757, which came into effect after approval by the Privy Council in 1761; from then on he was also known as Carl von Linné.

Linnaeus died in 1778, and his library, manuscripts, and natural history collections13 were purchased from his widow by English natural historian Sir James Edward Smith, who founded the Linnean14 Society of London in 1788. Linnaeus has been depicted on numerous Swedish stamps and banknotes. Other things named after him include the twinflower genus Linnaea, the crater Linné on the moon, and the cobalt sulphide mineral Linnaeite, discovered in Sweden in 1845.

Linnaean classification system

In 1735, the first edition of his Systema Naturae (The System of Nature) was published.15 It presented three kingdoms of nature: stones (or minerals), plants, and animals, with the latter two subdivided into classes, orders, genera, species, and varieties. The tenth edition, published in 1758, had animals assigned with binomial names, and is considered the beginning of zoological nomenclature. It covered about 4,400 species of animals.

The first edition of his Species Plantarum (The Species of Plants), published in 1753, is considered the beginning of all formal botanical taxonomy. It covered about 7,700 then known plants.

In the Linnaean binomial (‘two-name’) classification, the first word describes the genus and is the same for every species within that genus; the second defines the individual species.16 For example, the dog is Canis familiaris. Canis is the genus or group for dogs, wolves, coyotes, and jackals, and familiaris identifies the domestic dog. Note: for all these animals to exist today, then Noah needed to take only a single pair of the Canis genus aboard the Ark.

Being in Latin (rather than in Swedish or English), the names are the same in every country in the world.17 In technical papers, sometimes the genus and species name is followed by the author of the name, and sometimes the year it was named. Many simply have ‘L.’ if Linnaeus was the namer, e.g. Canis familiaris, L. 1758.

As people are obviously not stones or plants, Linnaeus placed humans in the kingdom of animals, in the class of mammals, and the order of primates. This was not an evolutionary classification. In fact Linnaeus indicated his distinction of humans from all other creatures by the name he gave us: Homo sapiens (wise man).18

Linnaeus was a creationist

Linnaeus believed that he was God’s chosen instrument for revealing in a precise way the divinely ordered works of Creation. His writings have many references to God as Creator, E.g. in the preface to a late edition of his Systema Naturae he wrote: “Creationis telluris est gloria Dei ex opere Naturae per Hominem solum.” (Earth’s creation is the glory of God, as seen by man from the works of Nature.)

Linnaeus did not believe in evolution, just variation within major groups, which is what creationists accept today.

As a creationist he initially shared the then prevalent view that each species had originally been specially created by God. He wrote: “There are as many species as the Infinite Being produced diverse forms in the beginning.”19 In the course of his studies he encountered hybridization, and came to realize (correctly) that the created kinds could include similar species, and even new genera. Today the Oxford Dictionary defines ‘species’ as “a group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding”. In creationist biology, if two creatures can interbreed, at least up to hybridization with true fertilization, then the two creatures are regarded as descendants from the same created kind.

Linnaea-borealis

Linnaeus’s favourite emblem, Linnaea borealis, commonly called a twinflower.

The idea of ‘fixity of species’ came from ancient writers like the Greek philosopher Aristotle. Also in the Latin (Vulgate) translation of the Bible, the Hebrew word for ‘kind’ (mîn) in Genesis 1:11, 12, 21, 24 & 25 was translated variously with the two Latin words species and genus (plural genera). The meanings of the Linnaean species and the biblical species diverged over time, which led to ambiguity. Jonathan Sarfati comments: “The Bible talks of fixity of kinds, which in the Latin translation became fixity of species, but then an unwarranted switch took place to fixity of Linnaean species.” 20

Linnaeus did not believe in evolution, just variation within major groups, which is what creationists accept today. In his lifetime, he was called ‘the second Adam’,21,22 because the first Adam named the animals (Genesis 2:19–20), and Linnaeus renamed them in Latin.

Today I was out with a group of naturalists.  One of them told us of a TV program she’d recently watched on the speed with which maggots consumed an entire small animal carcass.  As I recall she said the animal was completely gone in 26 hours.  

When we look at the real world, that’s what we witness,…..the rapid recycling from dead plants and animals back to rich, humic soil to fresh life and beauty.  Nowhere do we see billions and billions of life forms being laid down in pancake flat sedimentary layers, pressing and preserving every kind of plant and animal into stone layers, many of those layers being paper thin, yet capturing within those fine, flat layers, fish, fowl, flowers, and every kind of plant and animal living among us today.  People fiercely deny the overwhelming evidence of earth’s geology.  That geology, beyond any question states that the normal processes of death, decay and renewal were altered for a brief period in earth’s history.  

Something huge, catastrophic, global and water laden captured vibrant life and slammed it into a cementing matrix……..layer upon layer upon layer.  The oxygen got squeezed out, the decomposers, large and small could not get at those dead things.  They hardened into rocks.

The global flood of Noah’s day is real, as is the book that preserves that story of the judgment of an angry God against the sins of people who turned their backs on their creator.    https://gerdapeacheysviews.wordpress.com/2017/04/16/death-decomposers-dirt-dandelions-and-fossils-which-word-does-not-match-the-pattern/

FORENSIC ENTOMOLOGY : THE USE OF INSECTS IN DEATH INVESTIGATIONS 

Dr. Gail S. Anderson, Associate Professor
Diplomate, American Board of Forensic Entomology

School of Criminology, Simon Fraser University

 

Forensic (or medico-legal) entomology[1] is the study of the insects associated with a human corpse in an effort to determine elapsed time since death. Insect evidence may also show that the body has been moved to a second site after death, or that the body has been disturbed at some time, either by animals, or by the killer returning to the scene of the crime. However, the primary purpose of forensic entomology today is to determine elapsed time since death.

Forensic entomology was first reported to have been used in 13th Century China and was used sporadically in the 19th Century and the early part of the 20th Century, playing a part in some very major cases. However, in the last 20 years, forensic entomology has become more and more common in police investigations. In 1996, some of us developed the American Board of Forensic Entomology, a certification Board for Forensic Entomologists, similar to the Board certification available for forensic odontologists and forensic anthropologists.

Most cases that involve a forensic entomologist are 72 h or more old, as up until this time, other forensic methods are equally or more accurate than the insect evidence. However, after three days, insect evidence is often the most accurate and sometimes the only method of determining elapsed time since death. Recently, I have also analyzed and testified in cases in which elapsed time since death was only a few hours previous to discovery.

There are two main ways of using insects to determine elapsed time since death : –
I  – using successional waves of insects
II – using maggot age and development.

The method used is determined by the circumstances of each case. In general, the first method is used when the corpse has been dead for between a month up to a year or more, and the second method is used when death occurred less than a month prior to discovery.

The first method is based on the fact that a human body, or any kind of carrion, supports a very rapidly changing ecosystem going from the fresh state to dry bones in a matter of weeks or months depending on geographic region. During this decomposition, the remains go through rapid physical, biological and chemical changes, and different stages of the decomposition are attractive to different species of insects. Certain species of insects are often the first witnesses to a crime. They usually arrive within 24 h of death if the season is suitable i.e. spring, summer or fall in Canada and can arrive within minutes in the presence of blood or other body fluids. These first groups of insects are the Calliphoridae or blowflies and the Sarcophagidae (the fleshflies). Other species are not interested in the corpse when the body is fresh, but are only attracted to the corpse later such as the Piophilidae or cheese skippers which arrive later, during protein fermentation. Some insects are not attracted by the body directly, but arrive to feed on the other insects at the scene. Many species are involved at each decomposition stage and each group of insects overlaps the ones adjacent to it somewhat. Therefore, with a knowledge of the regional insect fauna and times of carrion colonization, the insect assemblage associated with the remains can be analyzed to determine a window of time in which death took place. This method is used when the decedent has been dead from a few weeks up to a year, or in some cases several years after death, with the estimated window of time broadening as time since death increases. It can also be used to indicate the season of death e.g. early summer. A knowledge of insect succession, together with regional, seasonal, habitat and meteorological variations, is required for this method to be successful.

The second method, that of using maggot age and development can give a date of death accurate to a day or less, or a range of days, and is used in the first few weeks after death. Maggots are larvae or immature stages of Diptera or two-winged flies. The insects used in this method are those that arrive first on the corpse, that is, the Calliphoridae or blowflies. These flies are attracted to a corpse very soon after death. They lay their eggs on the corpse, usually in a wound, if present, or if not, then in any of the natural orifices. Their development follows a set, predictable, cycle.

The insect egg is laid in batches on the corpse and hatches, after a set period of time, into a first instar (or stage) larva. The larva feeds on the corpse and moults into a second instar larva. The larva continues to feed and develop into a third instar larva. The stage can be determined by size and the number of spiracles (breathing holes). When in the third instar, the larva continues to feed for a while then it stops feeding and wanders away from the corpse, either into the clothes or the soil, to find a safe place to pupate. This non-feeding wandering stage is called a prepupa. The larva then loosens itself from its outer skin, but remains inside. This outer shell hardens, or tans, into a hard protective outer shell, or pupal case, which shields the insect as it metamorphoses into an adult. Freshly formed pupae are pale in colour, but darken to a deep brown in a few hours. After a number of days, an adult fly will emerge from the pupa and the cycle will begin again. When the adult has emerged, the empty pupal case is left behind as evidence that a fly developed and emerged.

Each of these developmental stages takes a set, known time. This time period is based on the availability of food and the temperature. In the case of a human corpse, food availability is not usually a limiting factor.

Insects are ‘cold blooded’, so their development is extremely temperature dependent. Their metabolic rate is increased with increased temperature, which results in a faster rate of development, so that the duration of development decreases in a linear manner with increased temperature, and vice-versa.

An analysis of the oldest stage of insect on the corpse and the temperature of the region in which the body was discovered leads to a day or range of days in which the first insects oviposited or laid eggs on the corpse. This, in turn, leads to a day, or range of days, during which death occurred. For example, if the oldest insects are 7 days old, then the decedent has been dead for at least 7 days. This method can be used until the first adults begin to emerge, after which it is not possible to determine which generation is present. Therefore, after a single blowfly generation has been completed, the time of death is determined using the first method, that of insect succession.

 

From Australian Museum:

DECOMPOSITION – CORPSE FAUNA

Many kinds of organisms live by feeding on dead bodies.

Intestinal Bacteria

Intestinal Bacteria
Photographer: D. Colgan © Australian Museum

In the process, their activities result in the decomposition of the body and the recycling of nutrients.

The dominant groups of organisms involved in decomposition are:

Other animals, feed on the animals that feed on the corpse. These are mainly:

A dead body is therefore an ecosystem of its own, in which different fauna arrive and depart from the corpse at different times. The arrival time and growth rates of insects inhabiting corpses are used by forensic scientists to determine the circumstances surrounding suspicious deaths.

Bacteria

There are many forms of bacteria, which gain their energy in a variety of ways.

Some bacteria are autotrophic, making their own food in a similar way to plants by splitting carbon dioxide using energy from the sun, or through the oxidation of elements such as nitrogen and sulphur.

Bacteria involved in the decomposition of animal bodies are heterotrophic, breaking down complex molecules into their constituent elements through respiration or fermentation (depending on whether they are aerobic or anaerobic bacteria). Bacteria are largely responsible for the recycling of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur into forms where they can be taken up by plants.

For example, heterotrophic bacteria like Bacillus decompose proteins, releasing ammonia, which is oxidised by other bacteria into nitrogen dioxide, and eventually into nitrate. Nitrate can be assimilated by plants as a source of nitrogen.

Flies

The larvae of flies (maggots) are the most obvious and abundant fauna present on corpses in the early stages of decomposition.

House flies Muscidae and blowflies Calliphoridae are the first to arrive (pioneer flies). Flies in both these families lay eggs (although some blowflies ‘lay’ larvae). The recently hatched larvae, as well as their parents, initially feed on the fluids that exude from the body. Later they enter the body through natural openings or wounds, and eventually feed over the whole body as the tissues decay.

Different species of housefly and blowfly arrive at different times after death, and there can be considerable competition among flies for access to a corpse. Early arrivals, and flies which hatch faster, can gain a competitive advantage, although the flesh is easier to consume after it has undergone some decomposition. Flesh flies Sarcophagidae arrive slightly later than the other families, but they compensate for their late arrival by giving birth to larvae (maggots) rather than eggs. The succession of fauna that inhabit the corpse change its condition, making it suitable for succeeding fauna.

Juicy maggots provide an abundant food source for other animals, including other species of fly. The Blowfly, Chrysomya rufifacies, feeds on maggots of other flies as well as consuming decaying flesh. The larvae of Chrysomya are covered with protrusions called papillae, which serve as protection against the predatory attacks of other maggots.

When the corpse has dried out, two other groups of flies, the cheese flies Family Piophilidae and the coffin flies Family Phoridae join the beetles and mites in cleaning up the skeleton.

Beetles

The first beetles arrive at a corpse soon after the body begins to putrefy. In contrast to the flies, beetles have chewing mouthparts and can manage tougher foods than the semi-liquid material that fly larvae are so efficient at exploiting.

Three types of beetle make their living out of corpses. The early arrivals tend to be predatory adults that feed on fly larvae. Some of these species lay their eggs in the corpse, and the emerging larvae, which share their parents’ powerful jaws, also feed on fly larvae. These species include the rove beetles (Staphylinidae), and hister beetles (Histeridae).

Late-arriving species tend to be specialist scavengers which feed on tougher parts like skin and tendons as the body dries out. The dominant late stage scavengers include the larvae of hide beetles (Dermestidae), and ham beetles (Cleridae).

Species such as the carrion beetles (Silphidae) are more variable in their diets. The adults are predatory, although they will eat some carrion, but their larvae are restricted to carrion on moist corpses.

Other families of beetles also eat carrion, for example, the carcass beetles (Trogidae), but they are minor players in the decomposition of corpses. In Australia, several dung beetles (Scarabaeini) are attracted to large carcasses, especially to the intestine of herbivorous mammals. These beetles have specialised, fluid-feeding mouthparts.

Beetles have a life cycle similar to the fly life cycle with egg, larval, pupal and adult stages. However, the number of instars (stage of development between moulting) in the larval stage varies between species from 2 up to 16, and the stages differ more from each other than the instars of fly larvae.

Mites

Mites belong to the group Arachnida which includes spiders, ticks, mites, scorpions and harvestmen (i.e. they are not insects).

Many thousands of mites feed on a corpse over the full term of its exposure to the elements. Gamasid mites like Macrocheles are common in the early stages of decomposition, while tyroglyphid mites feed on dry skin in the later stages of decomposition.

Some mites and carrion beetles have developed lifestyles that benefit each other. For example beetles from the genus Necrophorus find the ammonia excretions of blowfly maggots toxic, making it impossible for them to inhabit a carcass dominated by maggots. However these beetles carry on their bodies a type of mite from the genus Poecilochirus which feeds on fly eggs. If the beetle and its cargo of mites arrive at the corpse before any fly eggs hatch into maggots, the mites keep the maggot population in check by eating the eggs allowing the beetles to safely occupy the corpse.

Moths

Some of the familiar clothes moths (Family Tineidae) feed on mammalian hair during their larval stages. Adult moths lay their eggs on a carcass after all the fly larvae have finished with it. On hatching, their larvae forage on any hair that remains. Tineid moths are therefore the final animals contributing to the decomposition of a carcass.

Parasitic wasps

A number of families of wasp lay their eggs inside the larvae or pupae of flies, and are known as parasitoids. The wasp eggs hatch inside the maggot or fly pupa. The wasp larvae then feeds on the maggot or pupa, eventually killing it. The wasp larvae then pupate inside the maggot or fly pupa and emerge as adult wasps.

Wasps from the family Pteromalidae parasitise a variety of species but prefer the pupae of the predatory blowfly Chrysomya rufifacies. This is probably because this species pupates on the surface of the ground and is more accessible than the pupae of species that bury their pupae in the ground. One pupa is host to an average of 12 wasps.

Brachymeria calliphorae (Family Chalcidae) parasitises maggots rather than pupae, and only one wasp emerges from each maggot.

Only one wasp emerges from pupae parasitised by Hemilexomyia abrupta (Family Diapriidae) but this species appears to lay its eggs only in the pupae of the blowfly Calliphora stygia.

Last Updated: 26 October 2015

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If we can ignore the man-made mayhem and murder, our world is really a place of profound beauty.  Death happens every moment of the day, in every part of our planet.  But the world is bursting with beauty.  Now imagine if local garbage collection trucked all our waste organic matter  to a designated land-fill, and there it sat, accumulating more and more of our city’s compostable waste, but it did not COMPOST.  What then?

Soon the city would require another land-fill, and then another.  In a world where dead organic matter did not decompose our world would soon become a disgusting, towering garbage heap, like something out of a horror movie.

But God, the Creator foresaw that death would enter the world because of the disobedience of mankind, Adam and Eve decided they wanted to be the masters of their own destiny, rather than servants of the living God.  So sin entered the world, and death through sin.

But though marred by sin and death, nature shouts the beauty and love of God.  Dig into a damp old pile of grass and leaves, and the smell will clear your sinus headache.  The leaves that fell into a pail a few months ago are now slimy and fetid.  On the land and in the waters, plants, fish and animals die and are rapidly consumed by other life forms, which die and provide food for the next feeders in that cycle, until finally myriad microscopic life-forms finish the job, converting dead things to rich, humic soil in which plants flourish and provide food for animals and people.

That is what we see everywhere, all over the world, the cycle of life and death and renewal.

But something strange happened at some point in earth’s history.   Dead things did not pass through the normal processes.

Time froze.  Something abnormal happened.

Perfectly formed plants and animals and fish and birds and clams and squid and frogs and bats and flowers and jelly-fish,……in fact just about every thing alive today, can be found preserved in stone.  Massive amounts of living things got ground into being the surrounding matrix while other life forms were caught in the midst of vibrant life,…… and fossilized.  Some creatures retain all the bones, the wing venation, fur, feathers, scales.

                       Wing venation in fossil insects.

Untold billions of rapidly buried life is clearly recognizable, in death the same life on earth with us today, despite the claims made that millions of years of evolution happened from the time of their fossilization to the present day.  Plants, animals, fish, fowl, bugs, clams,….all life….. got squeezed in sedimentary processes that produced the oil, gas and coal that we depend on for modern life.  Limestone is comprised of past life.

Three-quarters of the earths geology is still sedimentary.  Glaciation scraped away the over-burden in places like the Great Canadian Shield.  Other places show evidence of massive volcanic eruption, powerful earthquakes, gigantic tsunamis altering existing geologic formations, otherwise we’d see that sedimentation covered the entire earth, prior to subsequent geologic activity. The Grand Canyon was carved when a huge natural dam, (the Lake Powell area) burst.  The little Colorado river could not, and did not cut clean down to such a depth of rocks of varying hardness.  That is not anything we see in nature.  Water always finds the easiest route.  But a massive dam break has enormous power, as we saw recently in the fear inspired by the erosion at Oroville Dam. Most of earth’s land surface was likely encased in sedimentary layers, as the global flood of Noah’s day receded leaving new oceans, lakes and rivers and water returning to the deeps.

If the earth’s high mountains and valleys, as well as the mountains and trenches of the oceans were shaped into one round ball, water would again cover the entire earth, as it did in the terrible judgment of God, some 4,500 years ago.

That flood, and ONLY that Biblical flood can explain a time on earth when the normal processes of death, decay, and renewal were suspended.

The earth shouts of a sudden, catastrophic event that captured billions and billions and billions of living things, in the midst of vibrant life and slammed them into a cementing, watery matrix, heaped compressing subsequent layers, and still more and more and more layers of flora and fauna, pressing down like gigantic irons, retaining the shapes and minute details of living things that could not die, wilt and decay and be consumed by that voracious food chain so necessary to life and renewal.

All those natural and necessary interactions were suspended for that brief period of time.

We know it was brief because rock layers around the globe are the evidence that almost NO TIME elapsed from the moment of death to the burial in a cementing slurry, to the added overburden needed to compress the slurry, retain the form of the plant or animal, squeeze out the water, and air so that no oxygen remained for microorganisms to do their normal job.  Some fossils are encased in massive graveyards while most are in pancake-flat layers, some of them hundreds of feet deep within paper-thin laminae.

God warned the inhabitants of earth of His severe displeasure at the sins that marred His world, but they laughed and mocked, until He opened up the skies and the deeps and drowned all life apart from Noah, his wife, three sons and their wives.  The Lord brought at least two of every creature with the breath of life on board the ark.  Fish were buried in the turbidity flows, but much marine life survived and the oceans now abound with diversity, in fact we continue to discover more there all the time.  Plants have the ability to renew through seeds and roots.  The Ark came to rest on the mountains of Ararat, and after 150 days the occupants of this great floating ark, mankind started all over.   But the lessons were soon forgotten.

That 150 days was an anomaly that left us rock-hard, unambiguous proof of an event so gigantic, so profoundly indisputable of the truth of Genesis 6, that no human being with a thinking mind will ever be able to say to God, …..’But Lord, they told me you did not exist.  They, the media, the schools, the scholars, they told me that Genesis was just a fairy tale, that the global flood was a myth.  They said those billions of fossils, in pancake-flat sedimentary layers, all over the earth are proof of our evolutionary ascent from primordial slime in some ancient sea, that somehow pulled up its slimy little sockies to emerge millions and billions of years later as,………..me.

They said you did not create life, the universe and everything.  They said I could eat, drink and be merry, for tomorrow I die and return to the earth.  From dust to dust with a godless fling in between.

They said that fossils prove our evolutionary ascent, from slime to scientist………hey wait a minute……..How do massive, thick layers of flat sedimentary rocks with un-decayed, un-recycled, non-renewed organic material provide food for on-going creatures purported to be evolving ever upward during multi-millions of years that are said to make up the text-book version of earth’s geologic column?

In my real world plants put down roots.  The earth is full of diverse eco-systems and the cycle of life renews and restores.  But in those flat, thick sedimentary layers that cover thousands of square miles on every continent there is nothing natural.  You can find fish flattened in the exact same layer, right beside land flowers. Oak leaves tightly packed in with birds,  bugs, frogs, or spiders.  Billions of once living things flattened beside each other, on top of each other.  Layer upon layer upon layer that allow no time at all for normal decay processes, and that buried flora and fauna from distinctly different habitats into a cementing slurry. We recognize them.  There is virtually no change (though the Latin names assigned to fossils don’t always give away the fact that spiders are clearly spiders, etc.)

The explanation given for this unavoidable proof of the global flood are ludicrous, and those who mislead little children and trusting adults will face a terrible judgment for their deliberate deception.

Please read the evolutionists claims.  Read them in your children’s books, in your magazines and newspapers.  Read them as the preface to almost any topic relating to life on earth.  The ruling paradigm is that all life evolved from non-life. Then miraculously life proceeded,… minus any help, to spiral upwards to greater and greater diversity and complexity.  But read with your mind engaged.  Ask yourself if the claims match the real-life data all around you.  Our senses are wonderful gifts to help us sort out truth and error, and truth can be found, when we determine to follow it, alone if necessary.

We never have witnessed any kind of life changing into another kind of improved life.   We see only the expression of God’s pre-programmed genetic diversity being expressed.  We also see the tragic results of mutations when things go sideways or downhill.   But never, despite the obscene amounts of money or time expended to prove the theory of evolution, have we ever seen life emerge from non-life, or one kind of creature evolve into something different and improved.

Never.  Oh but scientists will tout their poor little mutated mosquitoes, deformed, distorted and unable to compete in the real world with their free cousins.  Mosquitoes still,……but at least when they’re in labs, being zapped by scientists  they can’t be out among us humans spreading >>>>>>>

malaria, dengue, West Nile virus, chikungunya, yellow fever,[1] filariasis, Japanese encephalitis, Saint Louis encephalitis, Western equine encephalitis, Eastern equine encephalitis, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, La Crosse encephalitis and Zika fever.

which Wikipedia says sickens or kills some 700 million people annually.

The fossil record cries out the truth of God’s word in Genesis.  The evolutionist ever-changing story demands time, endless time, as much as they need and then still more.  They can add or subtract millions or even billions with impunity.  No one holds them to account.  They make up just-so stories about flora and fauna dying and falling into warm shallow seas, or somehow kazillion things that exist on land end up pressed tightly together in death and perfectly preserved after falling into lakes, or things died and then floated down rivers and then the sand and earth and rocks covered them.  And you, dear human are expected to suspend all common sense and believe these incredible just-so stories.

The catastrophic, global flood of Noah’s day is rock-solid truth.  You may hold it in your hands.  You can scale mountains and descend into valleys and find the stark proof of rapid burial, heavy overburden, removal of oxygen in sedimentary deposition all over the earth.

So okay.  If you now see that fossils had to have been formed by rapid burial, will that new awareness bring you to a relationship with God, who brings you knowledge of what he did to the ancient world?  It might.  And I pray, by the grace of God,  that seeing the deception of evolutionists efforts to deny the wonder and beauty and beyond our comprehension complexity of God’s created order, the clear story of a global, catastrophic flood, and His restoration of the cycle of death, decay and renewal, that you too will seek and find the God of all truth.

Pictures of fossil landforms around the world

The application of novel molecular techniques (such as high throughput sequencing) during the past two decades has uncovered a phenomenal bacterial diversity in soils. For example, a single gram of soil can harbour up to 1010 bacterial cells and an estimated species diversity of between 4·103 [1] to 5·104 species [2]. Several studies have identified major environmental influences on soil bacterial diversity (such as soil pH [3], nitrogen [4], plant communities [5] or land use [6]) and soil bacterial biomass (soil organic carbon [7]), that vary between geographical regions and across biomes.
extension.oregonstate.edu/gardening/node/358

Soil is full of life. It is often said that a handful of soil has more living organisms than there are people on planet Earth. Soils are the stomach of the earth, consuming, digesting, and cycling nutrients and organisms.

On first observation, however, soil may appear as a rather inert material on which we walk, build roads, construct buildings, and grow plants. On closer observation, we observe that soil is teeming with living organisms. Living organisms present in soil include archaea, bacteria, actinomycetes, fungi, algae, protozoa, and a wide variety of larger soil fauna, including springtails, mites, nematodes, earthworms, ants, insects that spend all or part of their life underground, and larger organisms such as burrowing rodents. All of these are important in making up the environment we call soil and in bringing about numerous transformations that are vitally important to life.

WHAT DO SOIL BIOLOGISTS STUDY?

The links between soil organisms and how they impact soil chemical and physical properties is complex. Soil biologists study a variety of things.

MICROBIAL CONSUMERS AND DECOMPOSERS

Only 5% of what is produced by green plants is consumed by animals, but the 95% is consumed by microorganisms. One gram of fertile soil can contain up to one billion bacteria. There are many different types of bacteria, and most of them have not even been discovered yet! Most of these bacteria are aerobic, meaing that they require oxygen from the soil atmosphere. However, other bacteria need to live without oxygen, and other types can live both with, and without oxygen. The growth of these bacteria is limited by the food that is available in the soil.

Soil fungi are also large component of the soil that come in various sizes, shapes, and colors. Mushrooms have underground roots (mycelium) that absorbs nutrients and water until they are ready to flower in the mushroom form. They tolerate acidity, which makes them very important to decompose materials in very acidic forests, that microbes cannot do, they can also decompose lignin, which is the woody tissues for decomposing plants.

SOIL ANIMALS

Soil animals are consumers and decomposers because they feed on organic matter and decomposition occurs in the digestive tract. Some animals feed on roots, and others feed on each other. There are several types of worms. Earthworms are the easiest to identify. They eat plant material and organic matter, and excrete worm castings in the soil as food for other organisms. They also leave channels that they burrow in, which increases infiltration. Earthworms can weigh between 100-1,000 pounds per acre! There are also microscopic worms called nematodes, or roundworms. These worms live in the water around soil particles. There are several different types of nematodes, some of them eat dead materials, others eat living roots, and some eat other living organisms. Some nematodes are bad, and can cause severe root damage or deformation.

Aside from worms, another large body of insects are arthoropods that have exoskeletons and jointed legs. These include mites, millipedes, centipedes, springtails, and grubs.

CARBON AND NUTRIENT CYCLING

Nurtient Cycling is the exchange of nutrients between the living and nonliving parts of the ecosystem. Soil biologists measure how plants and microbes absorb nutrients, and incorporate them into organic matter, which is the basis for the carbon cycle. There are two main processes.Immobilization is when soil organisms take up mineral nutrients from the soil and transform them into microbial and plant tissues. The opposite process is mineralization, which is what happens when organism die and release nutrients from their tissues. This process is rapidly changing, and very important in providing nutrients for plants to grow. The carbon cycle and nitrogen cycle are both very important to soil microbiologists.

SOIL MICROBE AND ORGANISM INTERACTIONS

Plant roots leak a lot of organic substances into the soil from dead materials. These provide food for the microorganisms, and create zones of activity around the root called the rhizosphere. In this zone, plant growth or toxic substances can be produced, but most of these organisms are benefical.

Other scientists study soil diseases of plants and animals found in the soil. Bacteria and fungi can cause plants to wilt or rot. The Great Potato Famine in Ireland in 1845 was caused by a fungus that caused the potato blight! These organisms don’t just impact plants. Humans can get sick if certain types of bacteria, like E-Coli, are present in our waste, and that waste isn’t treated properly. 

Some fungi “infect” plant roots, but the relationship is symbiotic, meaning that it is beneficial to both the plant and the root. These are called mycorrhiza, and they help plants absorb more water and nutrients, increase drought resistance, and reduce infection by diseases.

Another symbiotic relationship involves nitrogen. There is a lot of nitrogen in the atmosphere, but it is not easy for plants to get. There are certain species of bacteria that absorb nitrogen gas from the atmosphere, and form a nodule. These are called nitrogen fixing bacteria. When they die, the nitrogen that they used are released for plants.

 

Global TV –  Scott Thompson of AM 900 CHML, does a telephone interview with Derek Baars.  Scott seems incapable of believing that telling the truth to children is of any value.  Much better to tell them Santa and the Easter bunny are real.  Interesting that both those fabrications have directly to do with the birth and the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, the One who is our only hope for time and eternity.

The Baars are told they MUST tell children the fairy tale replacements are real.  I wonder how the Trudeau Liberals will fit this into Motion 103?  Canadians are to be muzzled of any criticism of Islam, no matter how many bodies are maimed, burned or bombed in the name of Allah, but Christians may be mocked with impunity.

Santa with his wide girth and flashy red suit must make us forget the Messiah, who left his glory to be born a helpless and humble baby in a world desperately sinful and in need of the Saviour.  And now a stuffed bunny, often with a person sweltering inside the suit MUST be presented as real and true, in our determination to erase all knowledge of the awful suffering and death Jesus endured to pay the price of our sins.

But Jesus did die for us, and he descended into Hell for you, and for me.  Jesus conquered over the Devil and the grave, and when we trust in him, we are born again, into his eternal kingdom.  And death will only be the door to Heaven for the redeemed.  

Also in the Global TV link,  Sara Cain seems to proffer whole paragraphs of stuff to Dominic Verticchio that is in direct opposition to the story as told by Derek Baars.  Sara, after providing ample opportunity for distortion to Mr. Verticchio, declares the interview to be “perfect”.  I guess it was perfect if deception was your aim.

In a competition between the Baars account, a man who believes God and refuses to lie to children, or Veticchio of Children Aid, who demands that children MUST be fed lies, who will you believe?    (CHML’s Sara Cain interviews Dominic Verticchio, CAS of Hamilton)    http://globalnews.ca/news/3374701/hamilton-couple-refuse-to-tell-foster-kids-easter-bunny-is-real-cas-shuts-down-home-court-docs/

Increasingly the true God is mocked and scorned in our post-Christian Canada.  The Lord will let us dig our own spiritual graves for awhile, but what fools we become when we turn away from our Creator God.

It’s undeniable: lying is “an essential part of Canadian culture,” as the Hamilton Children’s Aid Society (allegedly) told two foster parents.

Our Parliamentarians do it all the time. Thousands of other governing authorities across the country do it on a regular basis. Lawyers do it with a straight face and earn big bucks for it. Teachers do it professionally as they present evolutionism and climate change alarmism to their students. The average teenager appears to do it without even a twinge of conscience.

Lying is fully legal and proper in Canada, as long as it’s not done under oath. Dominic and the CAS can go on lying to vulnerable little children, but they will answer to God, who says, “Whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in me to sin, it would be better for him to have a great millstone fastened around his neck and to be drowned in the depth of the sea.”  

To all of you who embrace a life of hedonistic rejection of the only Saviour of your souls, please take the warning of God to heart.    “Blessed are those who wash their robes, that they may have the right to the tree of life and that they may enter the city by the gates.  Outside are the dogs and sorcerers and fornicators and murderers and idolaters, AND EVERY ONE WHO LOVES AND PRACTICES FALSEHOOD.”

From the National Post, April 13, 2017.  Adrian Humphreys:

A Christian couple says two foster children were removed from their home and their eligibility as foster parents cancelled by the Hamilton Children’s Aid Society because they refused to say the Easter Bunny was real.

Derek and Frances Baars, who lived in rural Hamilton at the time but have since moved to Calgary, filed a lawsuit against the CAS on Tuesday, alleging a child support worker insisted the couple proactively tell two girls in their care, aged three and four, the Easter Bunny was genuine, despite the couple’s belief that lying is wrong.

“We have a no-lying policy,” Derek Baars said in an interview.

“We explained to the agency that we are not prepared to tell the children a lie. If the children asked, we would not lie to them, but we wouldn’t bring it up ourselves.”

The Baars are members of the Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America.

The couple was content to hide chocolate eggs for the children to find on Easter, play games and buy them Easter dresses, but this did not satisfy the support worker, who insisted the Baars go out of their way to instil a belief in the special power of the Easter Bunny as an essential part of Canadian culture, the couple claims.

Derek recounted an awkward meeting with the worker, where she told the Baars they were “required” to “affirm the existence of E.B. and S.C.”  — with the worker using initials for the Easter Bunny and Santa Claus as the children were present.

“We said that we would neither confirm nor deny the existence of these two mythical creatures but were not prepared to lie,” he said.

Soon after, the two girls in their care were removed.

The Justice Centre for Constitutional Freedoms, a conservative non-profit organization that defends constitutional freedoms through litigation, is sponsoring their lawsuit. The CAS has not yet had an opportunity to review the court documents.

“There are two sides to every story,” said Dominic Verticchio, executive director of the Hamilton CAS.

There are two sides to every story

He disputed any allegation the CAS was disrespectful of the Baars’ beliefs and said the CAS works to have the customary practices of children placed in care continued while in foster care.

Frances Baars, 31, and Derek Baars, 36, were married in 2010 and have been unable to conceive a child of their own. The couple applied to be foster parents in 2015. They completed a five-day training program, during which they discussed their beliefs with the CAS, they claim.

“We had talked with the trainers about the fact that we do not celebrate Halloween, for example,” Frances said in a sworn affidavit.

The couple passed a home study after numerous interviews and home visits and were approved as foster parents. Their position on the Easter Bunny, Santa Claus and Halloween are noted in the CAS home study filed in court, as is the fact that Derek is blind.

The Baars entered into a formal foster parents agreement with the CAS on Dec. 17, 2015. The next day, because of the need for foster homes, two sisters were brought to their home.

“It was our delight to have the girls with us. We loved them from the moment they came to us,” Frances said.

When Christmas came, the couple gave them gifts and had a dinner with extended family members, Derek said.

“Neither of the girls made any reference to Santa Claus that day,” Derek said.

After Christmas, the Baars were introduced to their new placement support worker. The worker asked about how they planned to celebrate Easter and said that belief in the Easter Bunny was an important part of Canadian culture. She was insistent about the bunny, the couple say.

“My husband and I were confused,” Frances said.

I asked her if she actually believed in the Easter Bunny

“I asked her if she actually believed in the Easter Bunny or realized it was fictitious. After evading this question initially, she finally admitted the Easter Bunny was not real, but she did not consider it lying to tell children it was real; she believed it to be an essential part of every Canadian child’s experience.”

In each conversation afterward she brought up the Easter Bunny, Frances said.

Later, the worker said the girl’s mother was disappointed she wasn’t given a photograph of the girls with Santa over Christmas, even though none was requested, Frances said.

In late February 2015, as Easter approached, the worker told them the girls would be taken away from their home if they did not tell them the Easter Bunny was real, they claim.

The Baars suggested the girls stay with another family over Easter if necessary, but this was refused as a solution, they say.

“We could not believe what we were hearing,” Frances said.

They say the worker then introduced a new complaint, that the worker was afraid that if a same-sex couple were potential adoptive parents, the Baars might not treat them well.

The worker made “derogatory statements and disparaging accusations against us based on our Christian faith,” Frances said in her affidavit.

On March 3, 2016, the Baars were told their foster home was being shut down and the next morning the girls were removed.

“To have them suddenly ripped away from us was deeply painful,” Frances said.

They were told they were no longer deemed eligible as foster parents, they claim.

The couple’s lawsuit seeks declarations from the CAS that it discriminated against the Baars and acted unreasonably, violating their freedom of conscience, religion and expression.

The suit claims the CAS created, “in bad faith and for an improper purpose, a requirement for foster parents to actively or proactively inform the children in their care that the fictional character of the Easter Bunny is real.”

Their suit also demands the CAS to note these circumstances in their file to not adversely affect the couple’s ability to foster other children or to adopt children.

Verticchio said the CAS tried to work things out with the Baars.

“At the end of the day, we couldn’t reach an agreement,” he said.

Asked if the Easter Bunny was real, Verticchio said, “It depends who you ask.”

National Post

• Email: ahumphreys@nationalpost.com |